Area: 840 sq. km
Post Code: 82.100
Telephone Code: 22710
Port Police: 44433
Archeol. Museum: 44239
Olympic Airways: 28331
long and 12 miles wide is a fair size for a Greek Island.
Positioned between Samos and Lesvos in the north east Aegean,
the island's scenic contrasts are marked. The north is rocky
and barren, almost lunar in appearance, whilst the south is
lush and carpeted with citrus groves.
Chios is not
an island to while away your time on the beach, although there
are plenty to choose from. No, Chios is there to be explored
and discovered. Amazing, bustling, vibrant Chios Town with its
grand church, museum, library, shaded squares, markets, shops
and busy harbour. Medieval Mesta with earth-coloured vaulted
streets. Startling Pyrgi where the houses and church are
decorated in a strange black and white design. Sleepy and
strangely elegant Kardamyla, home to wealthy shipping
magnates. The rural outposts of Agia Ermioni, Limnia &
Volissos are a million miles away from hustle & bustle. It
all adds up to one of the most beautiful, interesting and
diverse Greek Islands you could wish to visit.
The city of
Chios is the administrative economic and cultural centre of
the island of Chios. It has a population of 30,000, is
situated on the east coast of the island and is the capital.
discoveries have shown that Chios has been inhabited
continually since 6000 B.C. The city proper, was built by
Greeks shortly before 1000 B.C. So, we can certainly say
that the history of the city goes back more than 3000 years.
inception until now it has experienced long periods of
prosperity and decline and in each rebuilding, the city has
always covered the same geographic area. For this reason, one
can find evidence in the modern city from all periods of its
long history. This makes Chios, like other great Greek cities,
a living embodiment of a rich Greek and Aegean past.
Ancient times the city of Chios knew periods of great economic
and intellectual wealth. Apart from being famous for its
formidable navy and for its great commercial strength which
profoundly afected scientific and cultural growth, Chios is
regarded as the birth place of the greatest poet of Ancient
times Homer. Chios was undoubtedly one of the most important
cities of the Greek Colonies in Ionia (Asia Minor).
Roman Period Chios declined but in the Byzantine era it
recovered and for about 1000 years it became one of its most
In 1346 it was occupied by the Genoese. In 1566 the Ottoman
Turks, having already conquered the Byzantine Empire drove out
the Genoese, took Chios and occupied it until 1912. In that
year Chios was liberated and became an integral part of
The city of
today is going through a period of renewed prosperity. Its
inhabitants are mainly engaged in seafering (it's the home of
a great number of shipping magnates) commercial, farming and
fishing activities. In recent years tourism has taken off
because of the natural beauty and historical sites which
entice visitors from Greece and abroad.